||A certified true copy for registration purposes means an accurate duplication of a treaty submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration. The registering party must certify that the text submitted is a true and complete copy of the treaty and that it includes all reservations made by the parties. The date and place of adoption, the date and the method whereby the treaty has come into force, and the authentic languages must be included. See article 5 of the Regulations.
||See depositary notification.
|consent to be bound
||A State expresses its consent to be bound by a treaty under international law by some formal act, i.e., definitive signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. The treaty normally specifies the act or acts by which a State may express its consent to be bound. See articles 11-18 of the Vienna Convention 1969.
||A contracting State is a State that has expressed its consent to be bound by a treaty where the treaty has not yet entered into force or where it has not entered into force for that State. See article 2(1)(f) of the Vienna Convention 1969.
||Whereas in the last century the term "convention" was regularly employed for bilateral agreements, it is now generally used for formal multilateral treaties with a broad number of parties. Conventions are normally open for participation by the international community as a whole, or by a large number of States. Usually instruments negotiated under the auspices of an international organization are entitled conventions. The same holds true for instruments adopted by an organ of an international organization.